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Ask the patient to state and spell his/her name and check
the wrist (patient identification) band
Correctly identifying the patient—both during collection of the pretransfusion sample and before starting the transfusion—is vital in avoiding ‘wrong blood’ episodes.
Always check the identity of the patient:
In emergency situations, a process should be in place for cases where a patient is unable to be identified.
Check and confirm the patient's identity by asking the patient (if conscious and rational) to state and spell his/her surname, given name(s) and date of birth; and, check the wrist band (identity label)
All patients must have a patient identification number and wear an identification wrist band including this number.
Where the patient’s identity is not known or cannot be accurately confirmed, an alternative reliable method of identification should be substituted and reliably linked to the patient’s name once this becomes available.