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A common cause of transfusion reactions is the transfusion of an incorrect blood component.
This is often due to mistakes when collecting blood components from the hospital blood bank or identification of the patient immediately prior to transfusion.
Hospitals must have a written policy for the collection of blood components and their delivery to the clinical area where the transfusion is to be given.
The policy should define which members of staff are responsible for this procedure
Blood components requiring refrigeration must be stored only in blood storage refrigerators and not in ward or domestic refrigerators
Blood components must only be stored or transported, as appropriate, in boxes designed and validated for this purpose, including the time for which storage is satisfactory
Always take written details to the transfusion laboratory or the blood fridge and know what type of product you are going to collect
The staff member removing blood components from the storage facility must have documentation containing the patient’s identification details and this information should be checked before removing the blood
Withdrawals and returns of blood components should be documented, including the date and time of removal and return (if applicable)
Staff in the ward or operating theatre must check that the correct blood component has been delivered